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|Product Name||EIF2S1, 1-315aa, Human|
|Background||EIF2S1, also known as eIF2 alpha, is the alpha subunit of the translation initiation factor eIF2 complex which catalyzes the first regulated step of protein synthesis initiation, promoting the binding of the initiator tRNA to 40S ribosomal subunits. The phosphorylation state of eIF2S1 controls the rate of tRNA translation. When eIF2 alpha is not phosphorylated, translation occurs at a normal rate. However, upon phosphorylation by one of several kinases, eIF2S1 is stabilized, thus preventing the GDP/GTP exchange reaction and slowing translation. Recombinant human EIF2S1 protein, fused to His-tag at N-terminus, was expressed in E.coli and purified by using conventional chromatography techniques.|
|Synonyms||EIF-2, EIF-2A, EIF-2alpha, EIF2, EIF2A, Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 subunit 1 EIF 2 alpha, EIF 2, EIF 2A, EIF 2alpha, EIF2 alpha, Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 subunit 1 alpha 35kDa, Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 subunit 1 alpha, Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 subunit alpha.|
|Amino Acid Sequence||MGSSHHHHHH SSGLVPRGSH MPGLSCRFYQ HKFPEVEDVV MVNVRSIAEM GAYVSLLEYN NIEGMILLSE LSRRRIRSIN KLIRIGRNEC VVVIRVDKEK GYIDLSKRRV SPEEAIKCED KFTKSKTVYS ILRHVAEVLE YTKDEQLESL FQRTAWVFDD KYKRPGYGAY DAFKHAVSDP SILDSLDLNE DEREVLINNI NRRLTPQAVK IRADIEVACY GYEGIDAVKE ALRAGLNCST ENMPIKINLI APPRYVMTTT TLERTEGLSV LSQAMAVIKE KIEEKRGVFN VQMEPKVVTD TDETELARQM ERLERENAEV DGDDDAEEME AKAED|
|Molecular Weight||17.1 kDa (155aa) confirmed by MALDI-TOF|
|Concentration||0.5 mg/ml (determined by Bradford assay)|
|Form||Liquid, in 20mM Tris-HCl buffer (pH8.0) containing 20% glycerol 0.1M NaCl,1mM DTT|
|Purity||> 85% by SDS-PAGE|
|NCBI Accession #||NP_004085|
|Storage||Can be stored at +4C short term (1-2 weeks). For long term storage, aliquot and store at -20C or -70C. Avoid repeated freezing and thawing cycles.|
|Intended Use||For Research Use Only|
|References||Scheuner D,et al. (2005) Nat Med. 11(7):757-64
Boyce M. et al. (2005) Science. 307(5711):935-9
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